C++17 and libstdc++ ABI
Ceph has switched over to C++17 in mimic. To build Ceph on old distros without
GCC-7, it is required to install GCC-7 from additionary repos. On RHEL/CentOS,
we are using devtoolset-7 from SCLs for building Ceph. But devltoolset-7 is
always using the old ABI even if
_GLIBCXX_USE_CXX11_ABI=1 is defined. So,
on RHEL/CentOS, the old implementations of
are still used. In other words,
std::string is still copy-on-write, and
std::list::size() is still O(n) on these distros. But on Ubuntu Xenial,
Ceph is built using the new ABI. So, because we are still using libstdc++ and
devtoolset for building packages on RHEL/CentOS, please do not rely on the
behavior of the new ABI or the old one.
For those who argue that "GCC supports dual ABI!", here comes the long story.
The problem is in the system shared library and
If some symbol is exported from the system shared library, we must use that, and
cannot override it. Also, the dual ABI support requires several of the system
shared library symbols to behave differently (e.g. for locale facets, need
to register twice as many, one set for old ABI, another for new ABI). So, this
leaves us with no options but to stick with the old ABI, if we want to enable
the built binaries to run on old distros where only the libstdc++ with the old
ABI is available.